A Brief note on Karbi Anglong District :

INTRODUCTION :

                            The people of Assam saw the birth of a new district i.e. the United Mikir and North Cachar Hills District on the 17th November'1951 . The new district was formally created on the aforesaid date vide Govt. notification No. TAD/R.31/50/201 Dtd. the 3rd November'1951 with some parts of the districts  of Sivasagar (now Golaghat), Nagaon,Cachar and United Khasi and Jayantia Hills district of present Meghalaya for all round development of the tribal folk of the Central Assam. This was followed by bifurcation of the erstwhile district of United Mikir and North Cachar Hills district into two separate districts under banner as "Mikir Hills" and North Cachar Hills district in the year 1970. The Mikir Hill district was again rechristened as "Karbi Anglong District" w.e.f the 14th October'1976 vide Govt. Notification No. TAD/R/115/74/47 Dtd. 14-10-1976. Thus Karbi Anglong came into being as a full fledged separate district in the map of Assam with its Head quarter at Diphu. The district enjoys autonomy under the provision of Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution. It is the Largest district of Assam.

LOCATION :

                            The Karbi Anglong District  is situated in the central  part of Assam. It is bounded by  Golaghat district in the east, Meghalaya and Morigaon district in  the west, Nagaon and Golaghat district in the north and N.C. Hills district and Nagaland in the south. The district with dense tropical forest covered hills and flat plains is situated  between 250 33'   N to 26035'  N Latitude and 92010'  to 93050'  E Longitude.

CLIMATE :

                            Due to variation in the topography, this hill zone experiences different climates in different parts. The winter commences from October and continues till February. During Summer, the atmosphere becomes sultry. The temperature ranges from 6 degree to 12 degree and 23 degree to 32 degree Celsius in summer. The average rainfall is about 2416 mm.

POPULATION PATTERN :

                                        The population of the district is predominantly tribal. The major tribal ethnic groups of this district are Karbis, Bodos, Kukis, Dimasas, Hmars, Garos, Rengma Nagas, Tiwas, Man(Tai Speaking). Besides, a large number of non-tribals also live together in this hill region.                                  

GEOGRAPHICAL :

           A ) RIVERS:

There are numerous rivers and tributaries in this district. Among these, the most important are as named below :-

Sl.No.

Name of the River

 

Sl.No.

Name of the River

1

Kopili River

 

7

Nambor River

2

Amreng River

 

8

Deopani River

3

Borpani River

 

9

Jamuna River

4

Kolioni River

 

10

Patradisha River

5

Dhansiri river

 

11

Longnit River

6

Dikharu River

 

12

Doigrung River

          B) FORESTS.:

The forest area covered is about 4,922.019 sq. km with 14 State R.F. and 17 District Council R.F. in the district.

 

C) HIGHEST MOUNTAIN PEAK :

Even though, the district is dotted with hills, a few of which can be categorized into Mountain. Among them, the highest is the Singhason Peak which is at about 1360 metres above the sea level.

          D) NATURAL RESOURCES :

MINERALS : There are different kinds of minerals found in this hill district which are as below :-

      1. Lime stone :- Found in the Dillai and Sainilangso.
      2. China-clay :- Found in Upper Deopani and Silonijan area.
      3. Feldspar :- Found in Koilajan area.
      4. Coal :- Found in Koilajan and Silbheta.

 

AGRICULTURE :

The district is basically an agricultural district. Different types of agricultural crops are cultivated among which paddy is the main crop. Except for the valleys, the people follow the jhum system of cultivation.

ROADS AND COMMUNICATION :

The district is well connected with other districts through various routes. On the north it is covered by NH-36 and on the east by NH-39. The internal routes are covered by the P.W.D.

RAILWAYS :

The N.F. railways passes through the district touching only a few points along the boundary. They are Hawaipur, Lamsakhang, Borlangphar, Langsoliet, Nilalung, Diphu, Doldoloi, Dhansiri, Rongapahar, Khotkhoti and Bokajan.

AIRPORTS :

There is no airport in the district. The airport in Dimapur is 54 km away from Diphu being the nearest to the district.

INDUSTRIES:

       Although the district is abundant in raw materials only a few industries have come up. They are as shown below :-

A.  1.Bokajan Cement Plant ; 2. Karbi Chemical Mini Cement Plant ( under construction)

B.  AGRO-BASE :- 1. Rubber Plantation Industry ; 2. Citronella Plantation Industry ;

C. TEA GARDEN :- There are a total of 12 (Twelve) numbers of Tea Gardens in the district which are :

Sl. no.

Name of the Garden

 

Sl.No.

Name of the Garden

1

Nambor Nadi T.E

7

Sobhoneswari T.E

2

Deopani T.E.

8

Ramanagar T.E

3

Borpathar T.E

9

Lahorijan T.E.

4

Dhansiri T.E

10

Lengri T.E

5

Banaspati T.E

11

Nirmal   T.E

6

Methunguri T.E

12

Methoni T.E

GENERAL DATA OF KARBI ANGLONG DISTRICT

1. Area(As per 2011Census)

Total

Rural

Urban

10,434 Sq.Km

10,397 Sq.Km

37 Sq. km.

2. a)   Population

 

As per 2001 census

As per 2011 census

Parameters

Total

Rural

Urban

Total

Rural

Urban

Population

8,13,311

7,21,381

91,930

965280

8,51,158

1,14,122

SC Population

29,520

26,977

2,543

NA

NA

NA

ST Population

4,52,963

4,17,150

35,813

NA

NA

NA

Male

4,22,250

3,73,300

48,950

493482

4,33,903

59,579

Female

3,91,061

3,48,081

42,980

471798

4,17,255

54,543

Literate

3,82,574

3,18,427

64,147

574509

4,84,646

89,863

2. b) Townwise  Population, Literacy rate etc.. ( As per Census 2011)

 

 Name of Town Class Population Sex Ratio Child Sex Ratio Literacy Rate
    Person Male Female     Person Male Female
 Diphu  Class-II 63,654 33,444 30,210 903 933 90.34 94.00 86.27
 Bokajan  Class-III 19,936 10,653 9,283 871 856 86.77 91.37 81.49
 Donkamokam  Class - V 9,121 4,613 4,508 977 987 83.69 89.73 77.49
 Howraghat  Class - V 5,430 2,739 2,691 982 880 91.94 95.38 88.48
 Dokmoka Class - VI 4,761 2,398 2,363 985 1024 82.75 87.45 77.96

 

3. Density of Population : 93 per Sq. Km.( As per 2011 census)

4. Sex Ratio :- 956 females/1000 males   ( As per 2011 census)                                  

5. Total No. of villages: : 2928 (As per 2011 census)

 

6. Literacy Rate :

As per 2011 census

Total

Male

Female

73.52 %

82.12 %

64.62 %

7. District Headquarter: - Diphu.

8. Sub-Division :- 3 (Three)       1. Diphu (Sadar Sub-Division, H.Q.-Diphu)

                                                 2. Bokajan (Civil Sub-Division, H.Q-Bokajan)

                                                 3. Hamren (Civil Sub-Division, H.Q.-Hamren).

 

9. Police Station and Police Out-post (Sub-Division and P.S. wise):

Name of the Sub-Division

Name of the Police Station

Name of the Police Out Post

1. Diphu Sadar Sub-Division

1. Diphu P.S.

1. Diphu Town O.P

2. Dhansiri O.P

2. Howraghat P.S.

1. Uttar Borbil O.P.

3. Manja P.S.

 

4. Bokulia P.S.

 

5. Borlongfer P.S

 

6. Anjokpani P.S.

 

7. Dokmoka P.S

 

8. Samelangso P.S.

 

2. Bokajan Civil Sub-Division

1. Bokajan P.S.

 

2.Borpathar P.S

 

3. Dillai P.S.

 

4. Rongmongwe P.S.

 

5. Chowkohola P.S.

 

6. Deithor P.S.

 

7. Dolamara P.S.

 

8. Khatkhati P.S.

 

3. Hamren Civil Sub-Division

1. Baithalangso P.S

1. Donkamokam O.P

2. Ulukunchi O.P.

3. Amtreng

2. Hamren P.S.

 

3. Kheroni P.S.

1. Mailo

4. Jirikingding P.S.

1. Makoilum O.P.

 

10. Border Out Post :- 10 (ten)

       1. Lahorijan.   (Assam-Nagaland Border)                              

       2. Sankartilla                 "                            

       3. Monglamukh              "                                               

       4. Doldoli                                      "                              

       5. Daujingphang             "                                         

       6. Rongapahar                "             

       7. Khanduli    ( Assam-Meghalaya Border)     

       8.  Mokoiram  (                 "                          )    

       9. Sabuda       (                  "                          )

     10. Mukroh     (                   "                           )

11. Development Blocks and its headquarters(Sub-Division-wise) :-

Sl.No.

Name of Sub-Divn.

 

Name of Blocks

Headquarters

1.

Diphu Sadar Sub-Divn.

1.

Lumbajong Dev. Block

Manja.

2.

Howraghat Dev. Block

Howraghat.

3.

Samelangso Dev. Block

Dokmoka

4.

Langsomepi Dev. Block 

Bakulia

2.

Bokajan Civil Subdivn.

1.

Bokajan Dev. Block

Bokajan

2.

Nilip Dev. Block

Chowkihola.

3.

Rongmongwe Dev. Block.

Kath Teron.

3.

Hamren Civil Sub-Divn.

1.

Rongkhang Dev. Block.

Donkamokam.

2.

Socheng Dev. Block.

Zirikinding.

3.

Chinthong Dev. Block.

Hamren.

4.

Amri Dev. Block.

Ulukunchi.

12. Revenue Circle and its Headquarters (Sub-Division-wise) :

Sl.No.

Name of Sub-Division

 

Name of Circle

Headquarters

1.

Diphu Sadar Sub-Divn.

1.

Diphu

Diphu.

2.

Phuloni

Phuloni

2.

Bokajan Civil Sub-Divn.

1.

Silonijan

Silonijan

3.

Hamren Civil Sub-Divn.

1.

Donkamokam

Donkamokam

13. Mouza (Sub-Division-wise) : -

              Under Diphu Sub-Divn :- 14 Nos.

              Under Bokajan Sub-Divn :- 5 Nos.

              Under Hamren Sub-Divn. :- 5 Nos.

Sl.No. Name of the Mouza
   Under Diphu  Sub-divn.  Under Bokajan Sub-Divn.  Under Hamren Sub-Divn
1   Nomati  Borjan - II  Duar-Amla
2   Langfer  Borpathar  Block - I
3   Duardisha - I  Sarupathar  Block - II
4   Duardisha - II  East Rengma  East Rongkhang
5   West Rengma  Duar Bagori  West Rongkhang
6   Duar Dikharu    
7   Duar Bamuni    
8   Duar Salona    
9  Jamunapar    
10  Borjan - I    
11  Langlokso    
12  Phuloni    
13  Langhin    
14  Howraghat    

 

14.(A) State Reserve Forests :

Under Karbi Anglong West Division

Sl. No.

RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Dhansiri R.F.

770.38

2

Daldali R.F.

123.32

3

Disama R.F.

112.15

4

Kaki 1st Addition R.F.

121.49

Under Karbi Anglong East  Division

Sl. No.

RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Mikir Hills R.F.

221.81    

2

Kaliyani R.F.

208.96    

3

Nambor R.F. ( N. Block)

 53.09    

4

Nambor R.F. ( W. Block)

166.33    

5

Selabor R.F.

33.54   

6

Sildharampur R.F.

15.75   

7

Jungthung R.F.

  32.56    

 

Under Hamren  Division

Sl. No.

RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Amreng  R.F. ( Addition)

56.94  

2

Jokota R.F.

12.35  

3

Rongkhang R.F.

33.39  

   (B) District Council  Reserve Forests :-

Under Karbi Anglong West Division

Sl. No.

DISTRICT COUNCIL RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Miyungdisa D.C.R.F.

143.92  

2

Tamulbari D.C. R.F.

  13.86  

3

Englongkiri D.C.R.F.

  74.32  

4

Borlongpher D.C.R.F.

  77.31  

5

Matipung D.C.R.F

  33.00  

6

Langcholiate D.C.R.F

   1.60  

Under Karbi Anglong East  Division

Sl. No.

DISTRICT COUNCIL RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Longnit  D.C.R.F.

117.62 

2

Patradisa D.C. R.F.

   67.33  

3

Hidipi  D.C.R.F.

    20.08   

4

Jamuna  D.C.R.F.

   11.30  

5

Mahamaya  D.C.R.F

    5.58  

6

Khanbamon  D.C.R.F

165.50  

7

Haithapahar D.C.R.F.

  54.39 

Under Hamren   Division

Sl. No.

DISTRICT COUNCIL RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Kolonga  D.C.R.F.

  17.35 

2

Amreng 1st Addition  D.C.R.F.

   5.80 

3

Amreng 2nd Addition  D.C.R.F.

  56.30 

4

Sarchim  D.C.R.F.

146.00  

 

15. District Boundary :

A. Inter-District Boundary :

                        1.  Karbi Anglong-Golaghat.

                        2.   Karbi Anglong-Nagaon.

                        3.   Karbi Anglong-Morigaon.

                        4.   Karbi Anglong-N.C.Hills.

B. Inter-State Boundary :

                         1.  Assam-Nagaland.

                        2.   Assam-Meghalaya.

C. International Boundary : NIL.

16. Parliamentary Constituency :  1 (One)     3-Autonomous Dist.(ST) Parliamentary    Constituency

                             The Parliamentary Constituency comprising of 5(Five) L.A. segments namely :-

                                                (1) 16-Haflong (ST)         [   N.C. Hills District      ]

                                                (2) 17-Bokajan (ST)        [ Karbi Anglong District ]

                                                (3) 18-Howraghat (ST)    [          - do -                  ]                

                                                (4) 19-Diphu (ST) and     [          - do -                  ]       

                                                (5) 20-Baithalangso (ST). [          - do -                ]

17. Legislative Assembly Constituency:   4 (Four)

Sl. No.

Name of the L.A.C.

Name of the Sitting MLA

Party Affiliation

1

17-BOKAJAN (ST)

Sri Klengdun Engti

INC

2

18-HOWRAGHAT(ST)

Sri Khorsing Engti

INC

3

19-DIPHU (ST)

Sri Bidya Sing Engleng

INC

4

20-BAITHALANGSO (ST)

Dr. Mansing Rongpi

INC